Tuesday, March 05, 2013
'We gave up, but they didn't': A former Mukti Bahini guerrilla walks through Shahbag Square and sees the demise of political Islam in Bangladesh
marauding army with their local henchmen committed genocide, arson and forced
abductions for nine months of liberation war, 4 lakh women were sexually
abused, intellectuals murdered and abducted.
historian Prof. Muntasir Mamoon claims genocide of three million people. These
were people whose only crime was to believe in independence of Bangla speaking
nation. The marauding Pakistan forces
and their henchmen were blamed for the genocide.
The deafening roar of the youth at
Shahbag Square, the epicentre of protest in Dhaka, is awe-inspiring. Mainly because over 1 lakh
youth are chanting "Joy Bangla" (Long Live Bangladesh).
This was the war cry of the Mukti Joddhas (war veterans) who liberated the country in 1971. I haven't heard that slogan in over 40 years since the country was liberated.
I was a Mukti Joddha. I joined the underground movement in April 1971, a month after the liberation struggle began. I was a student of the (now defunct) Central college.
I spoke fluent English and Urdu and was tasked with reconnaissance and arranging getaways for guerrillas who did their hit-and-run raids out of
Dhaka. If the Pakistanis caught me, the punishment
But death would come after slow brutal torture where they would try and extract the names of all my collaborators from me. I guess I was too young to worry about the consequences.
The Joy Bangla slogan became a taboo after the assassination of independence hero Sheikh Mujibur Rahman in 1975. "Today I walk in the streets shout the slogan without fear, prejudice or being bashful," Shamsuddin Ahmed, media consultant and writer tells me.
The revival of the war cry of Bangladeshi nationalism is significant. Young people from all walks of life have turned out in their thousands to protest the life sentences handed out to Islamists.
If they persist,
Bangladesh could become the world's first Muslim nation
to bury political Islam once for all. It is a devil which needs to be
contained. And here's why.
The struggle against Islamic Pakistan was sparked off in its erstwhile eastern province in March 1971. Nine months later, the new nation of
emerged, after a bloody gruesome war for millions of Hindus and Muslim alike.
The peasants fought the elite
military forces and their auxiliary forces, largely recruited from among the
Bangali Muslim population in the country. War veterans of the Mukti Bahini, a
majority of them like me are still alive and active in civil society.
Our spirits are not dampened and we have demanded the trial of these collaborators and war criminals. For forty years our voice was not heard. After nearly 30 years of struggle, we gave up. But we underestimated the new generation.
Their thunderous cry is not just audible over
Square. It echoes over social media,
Twitter and Facebook. It is an angry voice demanding justice.
In the Arab Spring, the protests were anti-government. The Arab protesters objective was to achieve democracy, freedom and justice. In
scenario is dramatically different.
The protesters quest is to seek justice for crimes committed in 1971, when
formerly Eastern ,
attained its independence. The crowd listens patiently to chorus, poetry
recitation and brief speeches for hours. Thousands chants slogans repeatedly. province of Pakistan
Popular belief suggests that
Bangladesh is a
conservative Sunni Muslim society. The presence of young women at the square
belies this. The women are there, with children in tow, on their lap or
shoulder way past .
Forty two years after its difficult birth,
witnessing a rebirth in Shahbag Square.
First appeared in India Today,
March 2, 2013
Saleem Samad is an award winning journalist based in Bangladesh. He specialises in conflict, ethnicity, Islamism and elective democracy. He recently returned home after living in exile for six years in Canada. He was imprisoned, tortured and later expelled for his articles in TIME magazine